The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons and the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty

In Peace and Disarmament by SGI OUNA

The Arms Control Association (ACA) and the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) co-organized a webinar titled “The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons and the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty” on 27 August, as part of their new joint series on “Critical NPT Issues.” 

Anna Ikeda of SGI joined the panel with George-Wilhelm Gallhofer, Head of Nuclear Disarmament and Non-Proliferation / Executive Secretary of the Hague Code of Conduct at the Austrian Federal Ministry for European and International Affairs, who spoke about the complementarity between the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) and the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) from legal and diplomatic perspectives.

In her capacity as an ICAN campaigner, Ikeda discussed the current status of the TPNW with respect to entry into force, and its implications in the context of the NPT. This year alone, 10 countries ratified the TPNW, bringing the total number of ratifications to 44 (as of 27 August). With the NPT Review Conference postponed until next year, it is quite likely that the TPNW will by then have 50 ratifications, which will trigger the Treaty’s entry into force after 90 days. Despite criticism that the TPNW is divisive or weakens the nonproliferation regime, Ikeda underscored that it complements and strengthens the NPT as an effective measure as foreseen in Article VI of the NPT, which states: “Each of the Parties to the Treaty undertakes to pursue negotiations in good faith on effective measures relating to cessation of the nuclear arms race at an early date and to nuclear disarmament, and on a treaty on general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control.” 

The webinar was attended by over 100 participants. ACA’s Executive Director Daryl Kimball moderated the session.